These scoped variants of select() and rename() operate on a selection of variables. The semantics of these verbs have simple but important differences:

  • Selection drops variables that are not in the selection while renaming retains them.

  • The renaming function is optional for selection but not for renaming.

select_all(.tbl, .funs = list(), ...)

rename_all(.tbl, .funs = list(), ...)

select_if(.tbl, .predicate, .funs = list(), ...)

rename_if(.tbl, .predicate, .funs = list(), ...)

select_at(.tbl, .vars, .funs = list(), ...)

rename_at(.tbl, .vars, .funs = list(), ...)

Arguments

.tbl

A tbl object.

.funs

A single expression quoted with funs() or within a quosure, a string naming a function, or a function.

...

Additional arguments for the function calls in .funs. These are evaluated only once, with explicit splicing.

.predicate

A predicate function to be applied to the columns or a logical vector. The variables for which .predicate is or returns TRUE are selected. This argument is passed to rlang::as_function() and thus supports quosure-style lambda functions and strings representing function names.

.vars

A list of columns generated by vars(), or a character vector of column names, or a numeric vector of column positions.

Examples

# Supply a renaming function: select_all(mtcars, toupper)
#> MPG CYL DISP HP DRAT WT QSEC VS AM GEAR CARB #> Mazda RX4 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 17.8 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.90 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 16.4 8 275.8 180 3.07 4.070 17.40 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 17.3 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.730 17.60 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 15.2 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.780 18.00 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 10.4 8 472.0 205 2.93 5.250 17.98 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 10.4 8 460.0 215 3.00 5.424 17.82 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 14.7 8 440.0 230 3.23 5.345 17.42 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 32.4 4 78.7 66 4.08 2.200 19.47 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 30.4 4 75.7 52 4.93 1.615 18.52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 33.9 4 71.1 65 4.22 1.835 19.90 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 21.5 4 120.1 97 3.70 2.465 20.01 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 15.5 8 318.0 150 2.76 3.520 16.87 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 15.2 8 304.0 150 3.15 3.435 17.30 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 13.3 8 350.0 245 3.73 3.840 15.41 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 19.2 8 400.0 175 3.08 3.845 17.05 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 27.3 4 79.0 66 4.08 1.935 18.90 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 26.0 4 120.3 91 4.43 2.140 16.70 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 30.4 4 95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 15.8 8 351.0 264 4.22 3.170 14.50 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 19.7 6 145.0 175 3.62 2.770 15.50 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 15.0 8 301.0 335 3.54 3.570 14.60 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 21.4 4 121.0 109 4.11 2.780 18.60 1 1 4 2
select_all(mtcars, "toupper")
#> MPG CYL DISP HP DRAT WT QSEC VS AM GEAR CARB #> Mazda RX4 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 17.8 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.90 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 16.4 8 275.8 180 3.07 4.070 17.40 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 17.3 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.730 17.60 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 15.2 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.780 18.00 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 10.4 8 472.0 205 2.93 5.250 17.98 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 10.4 8 460.0 215 3.00 5.424 17.82 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 14.7 8 440.0 230 3.23 5.345 17.42 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 32.4 4 78.7 66 4.08 2.200 19.47 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 30.4 4 75.7 52 4.93 1.615 18.52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 33.9 4 71.1 65 4.22 1.835 19.90 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 21.5 4 120.1 97 3.70 2.465 20.01 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 15.5 8 318.0 150 2.76 3.520 16.87 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 15.2 8 304.0 150 3.15 3.435 17.30 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 13.3 8 350.0 245 3.73 3.840 15.41 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 19.2 8 400.0 175 3.08 3.845 17.05 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 27.3 4 79.0 66 4.08 1.935 18.90 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 26.0 4 120.3 91 4.43 2.140 16.70 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 30.4 4 95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 15.8 8 351.0 264 4.22 3.170 14.50 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 19.7 6 145.0 175 3.62 2.770 15.50 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 15.0 8 301.0 335 3.54 3.570 14.60 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 21.4 4 121.0 109 4.11 2.780 18.60 1 1 4 2
select_all(mtcars, funs(toupper(.)))
#> MPG CYL DISP HP DRAT WT QSEC VS AM GEAR CARB #> Mazda RX4 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 17.8 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.90 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 16.4 8 275.8 180 3.07 4.070 17.40 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 17.3 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.730 17.60 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 15.2 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.780 18.00 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 10.4 8 472.0 205 2.93 5.250 17.98 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 10.4 8 460.0 215 3.00 5.424 17.82 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 14.7 8 440.0 230 3.23 5.345 17.42 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 32.4 4 78.7 66 4.08 2.200 19.47 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 30.4 4 75.7 52 4.93 1.615 18.52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 33.9 4 71.1 65 4.22 1.835 19.90 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 21.5 4 120.1 97 3.70 2.465 20.01 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 15.5 8 318.0 150 2.76 3.520 16.87 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 15.2 8 304.0 150 3.15 3.435 17.30 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 13.3 8 350.0 245 3.73 3.840 15.41 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 19.2 8 400.0 175 3.08 3.845 17.05 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 27.3 4 79.0 66 4.08 1.935 18.90 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 26.0 4 120.3 91 4.43 2.140 16.70 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 30.4 4 95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 15.8 8 351.0 264 4.22 3.170 14.50 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 19.7 6 145.0 175 3.62 2.770 15.50 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 15.0 8 301.0 335 3.54 3.570 14.60 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 21.4 4 121.0 109 4.11 2.780 18.60 1 1 4 2
# Selection drops unselected variables: is_whole <- function(x) all(floor(x) == x) select_if(mtcars, is_whole, toupper)
#> CYL HP VS AM GEAR CARB #> Mazda RX4 6 110 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 6 110 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 4 93 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 6 110 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 8 175 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 6 105 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 8 245 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 4 62 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 4 95 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 6 123 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 6 123 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 8 205 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 8 215 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 8 230 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 4 66 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 4 52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 4 65 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 4 97 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 8 150 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 8 150 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 8 245 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 8 175 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 4 66 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 4 91 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 4 113 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 8 264 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 6 175 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 8 335 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 4 109 1 1 4 2
# But renaming retains them: rename_if(mtcars, is_whole, toupper)
#> mpg CYL disp HP drat wt qsec VS AM GEAR CARB #> Mazda RX4 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 21.0 6 160.0 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 22.8 4 108.0 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 21.4 6 258.0 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 18.7 8 360.0 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 18.1 6 225.0 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 14.3 8 360.0 245 3.21 3.570 15.84 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 24.4 4 146.7 62 3.69 3.190 20.00 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 22.8 4 140.8 95 3.92 3.150 22.90 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 19.2 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.30 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 17.8 6 167.6 123 3.92 3.440 18.90 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 16.4 8 275.8 180 3.07 4.070 17.40 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 17.3 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.730 17.60 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 15.2 8 275.8 180 3.07 3.780 18.00 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 10.4 8 472.0 205 2.93 5.250 17.98 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 10.4 8 460.0 215 3.00 5.424 17.82 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 14.7 8 440.0 230 3.23 5.345 17.42 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 32.4 4 78.7 66 4.08 2.200 19.47 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 30.4 4 75.7 52 4.93 1.615 18.52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 33.9 4 71.1 65 4.22 1.835 19.90 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 21.5 4 120.1 97 3.70 2.465 20.01 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 15.5 8 318.0 150 2.76 3.520 16.87 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 15.2 8 304.0 150 3.15 3.435 17.30 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 13.3 8 350.0 245 3.73 3.840 15.41 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 19.2 8 400.0 175 3.08 3.845 17.05 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 27.3 4 79.0 66 4.08 1.935 18.90 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 26.0 4 120.3 91 4.43 2.140 16.70 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 30.4 4 95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 15.8 8 351.0 264 4.22 3.170 14.50 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 19.7 6 145.0 175 3.62 2.770 15.50 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 15.0 8 301.0 335 3.54 3.570 14.60 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 21.4 4 121.0 109 4.11 2.780 18.60 1 1 4 2
# The renaming function is optional for selection: select_if(mtcars, is_whole)
#> cyl hp vs am gear carb #> Mazda RX4 6 110 0 1 4 4 #> Mazda RX4 Wag 6 110 0 1 4 4 #> Datsun 710 4 93 1 1 4 1 #> Hornet 4 Drive 6 110 1 0 3 1 #> Hornet Sportabout 8 175 0 0 3 2 #> Valiant 6 105 1 0 3 1 #> Duster 360 8 245 0 0 3 4 #> Merc 240D 4 62 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 230 4 95 1 0 4 2 #> Merc 280 6 123 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 280C 6 123 1 0 4 4 #> Merc 450SE 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SL 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Merc 450SLC 8 180 0 0 3 3 #> Cadillac Fleetwood 8 205 0 0 3 4 #> Lincoln Continental 8 215 0 0 3 4 #> Chrysler Imperial 8 230 0 0 3 4 #> Fiat 128 4 66 1 1 4 1 #> Honda Civic 4 52 1 1 4 2 #> Toyota Corolla 4 65 1 1 4 1 #> Toyota Corona 4 97 1 0 3 1 #> Dodge Challenger 8 150 0 0 3 2 #> AMC Javelin 8 150 0 0 3 2 #> Camaro Z28 8 245 0 0 3 4 #> Pontiac Firebird 8 175 0 0 3 2 #> Fiat X1-9 4 66 1 1 4 1 #> Porsche 914-2 4 91 0 1 5 2 #> Lotus Europa 4 113 1 1 5 2 #> Ford Pantera L 8 264 0 1 5 4 #> Ferrari Dino 6 175 0 1 5 6 #> Maserati Bora 8 335 0 1 5 8 #> Volvo 142E 4 109 1 1 4 2